The Second Day 9th Zil Hajj Yaum-e-Vaqoof or Yaum-e-Arafa
It is called Yavm-eVaqoof or Yaum-e-Arafa. This is the main day of Hajj. You pack up you luggage for passing an afternoon in Arafat and night in the open plain of Muzdalifa.
One blanket, dry food, water-can and prayer booklets are the essentials of this journey. Start from Mina after sunrise, preferably after offering Ishraq Namaaz in Masjid-e-Khaif.
The distance from Mina to Arafat via Muzdalifa is about five miles which may be covered on foot, and that is better. You can use a vehicle also. Reach Arafat before mid-day for Vaqoof, which is Sunnat. Take rest before noon in your camp. When Zawaal sets in, you may go to Masjid-e-Namrah, attend the Khutba, which is recited before the combined Namaaz of Zuhar and Asr. After the Khutba, two raka’at Zuhar Farz are offered with Jamaat and then the Imam leads the prayers for two raka’at Farz of Asr with another Takbeer.
If you are not going to Masjid-e-Namrah, then offer the Zuhar and Asr Namaaz separately in your tent at their respective times. As there are many chances of getting lost in Arafat, it is better to offer your prayers in your tent.
From the Fajr Namaaz of 9th Zil Hajj till the Asr Namaaz of 13th Zil Hajj, say takbeer after every Namaaz:
AL-LAA-HU AK-BAR —— AL-LAA-HU AK-BAR—— LA I-LAA-HA IL-LAL-LAA-HU WAL-LAA-HU AK-BAR AL-LAA-HU AK-BAR WA-LIL-LAA-HIL-HAMD
This is a very important day. Do not talk unnecessarily. Do lots of du’aa. Do Zikr. Recite the first, third and fouth Kalima.
Recite 100 times Astagfaar,
100 times fourth Kalima,
100 times Surah Ikhlas with Bis-mil-lah.
Do lot of du’aa. In between du’aa recite Lab-baik.
Halting and standing in Arafat is the foremost Hajj rite, so much so that Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) is reported to have said, “Hajj is halting in Arafat.” (Tirmizi Sharif)
On this day when hundreds of thousands of people, clad in similar humble robes, stand in th plain of Arafat as pictures of humility and devotion, In the Presence of Allah the Almighty, they indeed, for a short while, represent the scene of the Day of Rising, when all worldly distinctions will be leveled down and everyone will be awaiting and standing in awe of the Devine Verdict.
If a person is not able to reach Arafat on the 9th of Zil Hajj or any time during the day or night, and stand there even for a little while, he will not be considered to have performed Hajj at all. If any of the other devotional acts like Tawaaf, Saee, Rami, etc. are missed, they can be recompensed, but there is no recompense for one’s absence from Arafat. The longer the halt in Arafat, the better it is. The pilgrim should stand there with the presence and remember that he is totally dependent on the Mercy of Allah for deliverance, and that this is the only and perhaps the last opportunity for him to beg and implore him for forgiveness. The pilgrim should therefore realize he importance of each moment of his stay in Arafat. Stressing the importance of excellence of halting in Arafat, Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has said, “There is no other day on which Allah relieves more people from Hell-fire than He does on the Day of Arafat. On this day Allah draws nearest to the people and taking pride in His righteous servants, asks the angels, “Do you see what they desire?” (Muslim Sharif)
During the halt in the Plain of Arafat, one should constantly keep one’s whole attention turned towards Allah and make supplications to Him as often as once can. Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam) has said, “The best of supplications is the one made in Arafat.” Start for Muzdalifa after sunset in Arafat without offering the Magrib Namaaz. This will be offered with Isha Namaaz in Muzdalifa. If a person leaves Arafat territory before sunset, then a Dum is wajib on him and he should sacrifice one sheep or goat as a penalty. But it he returns before sunset, nothing is wajib.
After keeping your baggage safely in Muzadlifa, offer the combined Magrib and Isha Namaaz with Jamaat, preferably in Masjid Masharil Haraam. The blanket, dry food and water brought from Arafat is required in Muzdalifa as about a million people pass this night in the open and barren plain of Muzdalifa.
The Night of Masharil Haraam is a very virtuous night. Therefore pass this Night with full prayers and devotion. Practically, the people reach Muzdalifa two or three hours after sunset. You may take rest for 2-3 hours after Isha Namaaz and then get up for Tahajjud and other prayers till the time of Fajr. When the time of Fajr starts, offer the Fajr and observe Vaqoof of Muzdalifa reciting Darood, Astagfaar and other prayers, preferably near Jabal Qazah. The time limit of Vaqoof of Muzdalifa is from dawn to sunrise on tenth of Zil Hajj. Do lots of du’aa. In between du’aa recite Lab-baik. You should start from Muzdalifa to Mina only when few minutes remain for sunrise. To start before dawn from Muzdalifa is not allowed except for old, weak persons and women, for fear of rush. Also collect from Muzdalifa approximately 70 pebbles so as to pelt (7+21+21) 49 peasized pebbles for Rami Jamar.