Imam Ghazalee s View about Hypocrisy
We will go through a text written by Hijjatul Islam Abu Hamid Mohammed Ibn-e Mohammed Toosee, popularly known with his appellation Imam Ghazalee.
You might have seen yourself that dry worshipper (pretender) and superficial mystic saints behave arrogantly. They consider others as abject. Due to arrogance they keep their face twisted and thought-provoking as if they are obliging people by performing extra two rak’ats namaz or they have got the certificate of salvation from the hell or they got certificate of admission into the paradise or they believe that only they are pious and virtuous persons and all others are unfortunates. Besides all the evils they dress themselves as helpless, sober and humble persons with woolen or thick silky cloths and display extreme tranquility and vulnerability. However, there is no correlation or link between such dress, tranquility and arrogance. On the contrary, arrogance and tranquility are just opposite and contradictory. But these unsighted persons do not understand.
Imam Ghazalee had defined sense of arrogance as below:
Haughtiness (arrogance) is nothing but to consider one’s own ‘Amal as great and superior
[Minhajuk ‘Abedeen, Pg:283]
Immat and its Conditions
Imamat here means the Salaah of a Muqtadi following the Salaah of the Imam.
Rule: There are six conditions for a person to be an Imam:
1. To Be a Muslim
2. To be a Male.
3. To be an adult
4. To be Sane
5. To have the knowledge of the rules pertaining Qira’at
6. Not to be a Ma’zoor
Rule: It is not a condition for the Imam of the women to be a male. A female can also lead the prayers, although it is Makrooh.
Rule: It is not a condition for the Imam of the Children to be an Adult. A child can also lead the prayers of other children.
Rule: Salaah behind transgressors (who beliefs contradict the fundamentals of the Islamic faith and thus have come out of the folds of Islam such as the Rafizs, Qadiyanis) is invalid, It is also invalid behind those who do not believe in the intercession, the seeing of Allah or those who deny the occurrence of punishment in the grave or the angles writing the deeds.
Rule: Similarly, praying Salaah behind today’s Wahhabis and Deobandis isnot permissible as they have shown disrespect, in fact insulted Allah and His Prophet Sallaalhu Alahi Wasllam . Rather, they support and have faith that people who have these sorts of beliefs are Muslims! Infact, they are classed as Kafir.
Rule: To Pray behind those who possess corrupt beliefs, which do not take them out of the folds of Islam, Such as the Tafdiliyyah, is makrooh-e-Tehrimi.
The word fiqh has been lexically derived from the Glorious Qur’an.
Allah Most High states:
And it is not possible for Muslims that all should come out. Then why should not a party from each group should come out that they may gain understanding of religion and warn their people after coming back to them, haply they may guard themselves. [Surah: 9 At-Tawbah, Verse:122]
In the verse above, the word: Li-Yatafaqqahu is the source of the derivative fiqh.
There are more than nineteen verses throughout the Qur’an in which the word fiqh has been mentioned in its different word word forms but which all have the same root word – fiqh.
The Lexical Meaning of Fiqh
Fiqh means to understand or acknowledge something or to understand the rationale behind a person’s conversation.
The Technical Meaning of Fiqh
Fiqh means to understand the rulings of Shari’ah from which they are derived – i.e. from the Qur’an, Hadith, Ijma’ and Qiyas.
Imam Abu Hanifa has defined it as:
The understanding of those things which are beneficial for one’s self and that which are not. i.e. the understanding of what is Halal and Haraam, what is permissible and what is not.
This meaning was part of the Shari’i definition of fiqh but nowadays the term fiqh is used as the understand of the most of the rulings of Shari’ah.
According to the Sufis, fiqh is:
The amalgamation of both sacred knowledge and practice.
To be Continued in next post – Topic: The purpose of Fiqh and its Objectives.